As the global population grows, the need for sustainable nutritional practices is becoming increasingly important. Despite efforts to combat hunger globally, progress has stopped in recent years. The latest Global Hunger Index (GHI) score for 2022 stands at ‘18.2’, indicating only a slight improvement compared to ‘19.1’ in 2014. To tackle such dire situations, the United Nations established the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), under which SDG #2 – Zero Hunger aims to eradicate all forms of hunger and malnutrition worldwide by 2030 and promote sustainable agriculture practices to achieve food security and improve global nutrition. It is a comprehensive goal that addresses the root causes of Hunger and malnutrition, including poverty, climate change, and inefficient food systems.
To achieve SDG #2, countries must focus on sustainable agriculture, which uses environmentally friendly farming techniques, economically viable and socially responsible. This includes crop rotation, conservation tillage, and integrated pest management, which help maintain soil health, conserve water, and reduce harmful chemicals.
India is the most populous country in the world, with over 1.4 billion people. Yet, despite significant economic growth in recent years, the country still faces high levels of poverty and malnutrition, particularly in rural areas. According to the United Nations, over 194 million people in India are undernourished, and 38.4% of children under five are stunted.
To address these challenges, the Indian government has launched several initiatives to improve food security and promote sustainable agriculture. The National Food Security Act aims to subsidize food grains for over 800 million people. The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana provides crop insurance to farmers.
Many businesses have launched initiatives to promote sustainable agriculture and improve food security in the country. For example, the Tata Group, a major Indian conglomerate, has launched a program called ‘Tata Sampann’, which focuses on providing consumers with high-quality, nutritious food products. The company works closely with farmers to ensure their products are sustainably produced and meet high food safety standards.
Similarly, Feeding India by Zomato is a not-for-profit initiative that aims to minimize food wastage and eradicate Hunger and malnutrition. They work with multiple stakeholders, including restaurants, to collect and distribute excess food to needy people.
To achieve SDG #2, businesses must focus on sustainable agriculture and responsible food production. This involves adopting environmentally friendly, socially responsible, and economically viable practices. Some key guidelines for businesses include:
Despite the progress made by Indian companies in achieving SDG #2, significant challenges still need to be addressed, such as the following –
However, there are also significant opportunities for Indian companies to work towards SDG #2 positively. With the right investments and partnerships, businesses can play a crucial role in promoting sustainable agriculture and improving food security in the country.
Achieving SDG #2 is a complex and challenging goal, but it is also one of the most important goals for the future of our planet. Possible with the combined efforts of governments, businesses, and individuals and by working together, our collective effort can address the root causes of hunger to create a world where no one goes to bed hungry.