Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has become an increasingly important aspect of modern business operations. Companies are expected to take responsibility for the impact they have on society and the environment, and to make efforts to mitigate any negative effects. With the upcoming budget for 2023, there are certain expectations from the government regarding CSR.
One of the key expectations is that the government will increase the CSR spending requirement for companies. Currently, companies in India are required to spend 2% of their average net profit for the last three years on CSR activities as per the Companies Act 2013. However, there is a growing demand for this requirement to be increased to 3% or even higher. This would ensure that companies are making a greater impact in the communities they operate in and would also help to address the various social and environmental issues that India is facing.
Another expectation is that the government will provide more clarity and guidance on the types of CSR activities that are eligible for funding. Currently, there is some ambiguity around what constitutes a valid CSR activity, which can make it difficult for companies to know how best to allocate their funds. By providing more guidance, the government can help companies to make more informed decisions about where to invest their CSR funds.
In addition, the government could encourage companies to adopt more sustainable practices by offering tax incentives for those that do. For example, companies that invest in renewable energy or implement environmentally-friendly production processes could be eligible for tax breaks. This would not only benefit the environment, but it would also help companies to lower their costs, which could in turn lead to greater competitiveness and economic growth.
Finally, the government could consider setting up a national CSR fund that would pool resources from various companies and organizations. This fund would then be used to support social and environmental initiatives across the country. This would provide a more coordinated and efficient way to address the most pressing issues, and would also ensure that the most deserving causes are getting the support they need.
It’s worth mentioning that CSR requirements and regulations vary widely around the world. For example, in the United States, CSR is largely voluntary and companies are not legally required to invest in social and environmental initiatives. In contrast, in European countries such as France, CSR is legally mandated and companies are required to report on their social and environmental impact. According to data from the European Commission, companies in the European Union are required to disclose their non-financial information, including information on environmental, social and employee-related matters, and respect human rights. A report by the European Public Law Organization in 2019 found that 93% of large EU companies have adopted CSR policies, while 64% of them have included CSR targets in their strategic plans.
In comparison, In India, CSR regulations are already in place, with companies required to spend 2% of their net profit on CSR activities. However, a study by KPMG in India found that only around 60% of companies are compliant with this requirement. Furthermore, a study by the Centre for Social Impact and Philanthropy at Ashoka University found that only around 20% of CSR spending in India is focused on addressing the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. The study also found that the majority of CSR spending in India goes towards education and healthcare, with less emphasis on environmental and sustainable development issues.
In conclusion, the upcoming budget for 2023 presents an opportunity for the government to take a leadership role in promoting responsible corporate citizenship in India. By increasing the CSR spending requirement, providing more guidance on eligible activities, offering tax incentives for sustainable practices and setting up a national CSR fund, the government can help companies to make a greater positive impact on society and the environment. Though India’s CSR regulations